Patna or Pataliputra is the capital and largest city of Bihar state in India. The ancient name of Patna was Pataliputra, Pushppuri, Kusumpur.
The city of Patna has historical significance. Patna is one of the few ancient ancient cities of the world which is inhabited since time immemorial.
Megasthenes BC (350 BC-290 BC) has mentioned this city in his book Indica written after his visit to India. Palibothra (Pataliputra) which was situated at the confluence of the Ganges and the Arenovas (Sonbhadra-Hiranyavah).
According to the estimates of that book, ancient Patna (Palibotha) was 9 miles (14.5 km) long and 1.75 miles (2.8 km) wide.
The main city of Patna, with a population of more than sixteen lakhs (1,683,200 according to the 2011 census), is about 15 km long and 7 km wide. 250 sq km (97 sq mi) The city of Patna (with its urban agglomeration) is the 18th largest in India, with an area of more than 2 million people.
The ancient Buddhist and Jain pilgrimage centers of Vaishali, Rajgir or Rajgriha, Nalanda, Bodh Gaya and Pavapuri are located around Patna city.
Patna is a very sacred place for Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th and last Guru of the Sikhs, was born in Patna.
Every year, lakhs of Sikh devotees from India and abroad come to visit Harmandir Saheb in Patna and offer prayers. Ancient ruins in and around Patna
Civilization Gate – For a different identity of Patna metropolis, the then Chief Minister built a gate on the north side of Gandhi Maidan on the banks of the Ganges River, which is called ‘Civilization Gate’. It is a Chapanuma monument built of sandstone. The civilization gate is built with Maurya-style architecture. It is designed to show the glory of the traditions and ancient culture of the state of Bihar and Pataliputra. Admission here is completely free. Many tourists come here in the evening.
Patna is situated on the southern bank of the river Ganges where the Ganges joins tributaries like Ghaghra, Son and Gandak. Patna is situated on the southern side of the Ganges and on the northern bank of Punpun. The river Ganges forms a long coast line with the city.
Patna’s expansion is much more in the east-west than in the north-south. The city is surrounded on three sides by the rivers Ganga, Son River and Punpun River.
The Gandak river also joins the Ganges near Hajipur just north of the city. In recent times, Patna city has expanded more towards the west and has joined Danapur. Mahatma Gandhi Setu, which is a north-south bridge across the Ganges river connecting Patna to Hajipur, is the longest road bridge in the world.
The two-lane reinforced concrete bridge is 5575 meters in length. The Digha-Sonepur rail-cum-road bridge over the Ganges connects Patna and Sonepur.
Tourism Of Patna
Patna Planetarium – Located in the Indira Gandhi Science Complex of Patna.
Agam Kuan – A well of the time of Emperor Ashoka, the ruler of the Maurya dynasty, is located near Gulzarbagh station. A temple located nearby is an important place of marriage for the locals.
Kumhrar – This is the best place to see the ruins of Chandragupta Maurya, Bindusara and Ashok Kalin Pataliputra. The Kumrahar campus is protected and operated by the Archaeological Survey of India and is open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. every day of the week except Monday.
Qila House (Jalan House) – Built by Dewan Bahadur Radhakrishna Jalan on the ruins of Sher Shah’s fort, this house has a private museum of diamond gems and Chinese objects.