Kolkata is the capital of West Bengal, located on the left bank of the Hooghly River, 180 km off the top coast of the Bay of Bengal. It is the second largest metropolis of India and the fifth largest port. The population here is 2 crores 29 lakhs. The history of this city is very ancient.
The development of its modern form is linked to the history of colonialism of the British and France. Today’s Kolkata has many stories of modern India’s history. While the city has been recognized as the starting point of India’s educational and cultural changes, on the other hand it is also recognized as a stronghold of the communism movement in India.
This city of palaces is also known as ‘City of Joy’. Kolkata is also known as the ‘Gateway to Eastern India’ due to its excellent location. It is connected to various parts of the country by railways, airways and roadways. It is the main traffic center, wide market distribution center, education center, industrial center and trade center.
Ajaybhaghar, Zoolkhana, Birla Tarmandal, Howrah Bridge, Kalighat, Fort William, Victoria Memorial, Vigyan Nagari etc. are the main scenic spots. Most of the jute factories in India are located on both sides of the Hooghly river near Kolkata.
Apart from this, the automobile manufacturing factory, cotton-textile industry, paper-industry, various types of engineering industries, shoe-making factory, hosiery industry and tea sales center are located. Kolkata has a great importance as a major commercial center of Purvanchal and entire India.
Kolkata is the principal commercial, commercial and financial center of eastern India and the northeastern states. There is also Kolkata Stock Exchange, which is the second largest stock exchange in India. It is also the major commercial and military port.
Along with this, the only international airport of the region is also here. Kolkata, once the main city of India, witnessed a gradual economic decline in the early years after independence.
The main reason for this was political instability and the rise of business unions. The progress of the city continued to decline from the 1980s to the mid-1990s, due to the closure and relocation of factories and trade here. This led to a lack of capital investment and resources, which proved to be very helpful factors in the declining economic situation.
The process of liberalization of Indian economic policy gave a new direction to the fate of the city in the 1990s. After this, production also increased and unemployed workers also got work. For example, the street hawkers here were trading around Rs 622 crore (according to 2005 figures).
Employees of government and private companies make up a large part of the city’s workforce. There are a large number of unskilled and semi-skilled workers here, with which other skilled artisans are also employed in good numbers.
Information technology services have played a major role in the revival of the city’s economic condition. The information technology sector here is growing at about 60% per year, which is double the national average.  In recent years, investors in the home construction and real estate sector have also gathered.
The reason and result of this is the start of many new projects in the city.  Many large Indian corporations have industrial units set up in Kolkata, whose products range from jute to electronic goods. Some notable companies with headquarters here are ITC Limited, Bata Shoes, Birla Corporation, Coal India Limited, Damodar Valley Corporation, United Bank of India, UCO Bank and Allahabad Bank, etc.
Recently, many countries have made their debut in the Indian market due to the policies of the Government of India, East-Look (Look East), Nathu La Pass in Sikkim and to increase trade relations with China and South East Asian countries. Due to this investment in Kolkata, the economy here has got an up-thirst.
Howrah Bridge: Howrah Bridge is also named ‘Ravindra Setu’. It is near Howrah station which connects Howrah to Kolkata. In 1862, the Government of Bengal ordered George Turnbull, the chief engineer of the East India Railway Company, to build a pool on the Hooghly River. Due to the marshy land along the shore, a lot of money was required for the foundation of this bridge. In 1871, the Howrah Bridge Act was passed and then gradually the bridge came into existence.
Victoria Memorial: Victoria Memorial is a large palatial figure made of marble only. It was constructed between 1906 AD and 1921 AD. It was formally established in 1921. This building was built in memory of Queen Victoria (1819 – 1901). The British government of London had the support for the cost of its construction. Its total budget was one crore five lakhs at that time.
Belur Math: Belur Math is the headquarters of the monastery and mission established by Swami Vivekananda. It is situated on the banks of river Hooghly. Vivekananda Swami was the chief disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. This monastery was the most important place for social reforms undertaken by Swami Ramakrishna. Over the years, it has many branches abroad – 141 in India, 14 in Bangladesh, 13 in America, 2 in Russia and 1-1 in Brazil, Argentina, Canada, Fiji, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Switzerland land etc. Installed on. In total, there are 187 branches of this mission and monastery worldwide. Apart from this, many sub-schools were also opened.
Science City: Science City is a science focused museum located in Kolkata. Its main objective is to increase interest in science among the common people. Its foundation was laid on 1 July 1997. In this, many kinds of scientific things and facts have been presented in a very interesting way. This b. s. Haldane is located in the Avenue. In one place, it showcases the things of Illuson, along with things like ‘Power of Tense’, ‘Fresh Water Aquarium’, ‘Live Butterfly Enclave’, ‘Science on a Sphere’.
Fort William: It was constructed in the era of British India in the name of King William III of England for the purpose of building a fort. There are basically two Fort William. The old Fort William was built in 1696 AD. In 1756, Siraj ud Daula, the Nawab of Bengal invaded and won this fort and named it Alinagar. Because of this, the British government had to establish a new fort.
Birla Planetarium: It also has an important place in the main excursions of Kolkata. It is located in Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Kolkata. It is also called Birla Planetarium. It was established on 2 July 1963 by the then Indian Jawaharlal Nehru of that time. It is the largest planetarium in Asia and the second largest planetarium in the world.
Sunderbans: This place situated in the borders of West Bengal and Bangladesh is one of the large and impressive forests of the country. Sundarbans South Wildlife Century is spread over 36,970 hectares of land. It falls in the South 24 Parganas of West Bengal and Khulna region of Bangladesh. It has always been a center of attraction due to its natural beauty. Due to the abundance of trees named Sundari here, this place was named Sundarban. In addition to the Sundari tree, incredible, Xylocarpus grantum sariops decandra etc. are found here. Apart from this, many types of animals and birds are seen here which cannot be found anywhere else. The biggest feature of this forest is that the Royal Bengal Tiger is found here.