Bangalore is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. The city of Bengaluru has a population of 7 lakhs and its metropolitan area has a population of 9.7 million, and is the third largest city and the fifth largest metropolitan area in the Republic of India.
Situated at an average elevation of 900 meters in the Deccan Plateau region of South India, this city is known for its pleasant climate throughout the year. It is the highest among the main cities of India.
In the year 2007, Bangalore’s local body Brihat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) sent a request to the state government to change the English language spelling of the name of the city from Bangalore to Bangalore through a resolution. After the approval of the state and central government, this change has come into effect from 1 November 2014.
In the Puranas, this place was known as Kalyanpuri or Kalyan Nagar. Bangalore received its English name only after the arrival of the British. From an inscription found near Begur, it appears that the district was a part of the Ganga dynasty until 1004 AD.
It was known as Benga-Valoru, which means “City of the Guardians” in ancient Kannada. The Chola rulers of Tamil Nadu ruled here from 1015 to 1116, after which its power passed to the Hoysala dynasty.
It is believed that modern Bangalore was established in 1537 during the Vijayanagara Empire. After the fall of the Vijayanagara Empire, the power of Bangalore changed many times.
It was ruled by the Mughals after the Maratha commander Shahaji Bhonsle lived for some time in the family. Later, in 1689, when the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb gave it to Chikkaraja Wodeyar, the city became part of the Mysore Empire.
After the death of Krishnaraja Wodeyar, Mysore commander Hyder Ali took over it in 1759. Then Hyder-Ali’s son Tipu Sultan, popularly known as Sher-e-Mysore, ruled here till 1799, after which it went to the British occupation.
This state could be captured by the British only after Tipu’s death in the fourth Mysore War in 1799. Government control of Mysore was left to the Maharaja, only the cantonment remained under the British. The city was under the Madras Presidency during the British rule.
The capital of Mysore was changed from the city of Mysore to Bangalore in 1831. In 1537, the Emperor Kempegowda I of the Vijayanagara Empire built the first fort in the region.
It is considered the foundation of the city of Bangalore today. Over time, the region became part of the Marathas, the British and finally the Kingdom of Mysore. Under the influence of the British, the capital of the Kingdom of Mysore shifted from the city of Mysore to Bangalore, and the British Resident started ruling from Bangalore. Later, the royal Wadeyar family of Mysore also ruled from Bangalore itself.
The state of Mysore merged with the Union of India after the independence of India in 1949, and Bangalore became the capital of the newly formed Karnataka state in 1954. The Municipal Corporation was reorganized in 1979 by merging the Bangalore Cantonment and Bangalore Nagar, which were developed as separate units.
According to the United Nations Human Development Report 2001, Bangalore ranks fourth in the world’s top technology centers with Austin (USA), San Francisco (USA) and Taipei (Taiwan).
The public sector undertakings and textile industry initially drove Bengaluru’s economy, but in the last decade the focus has shifted to high-technology service industries. Bangalore’s US $ 47.2 billion economy makes it a major economic center in India.
The investment of US $ 3.7 billion in the form of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) made Bangalore the third highest FDI attracting city in India.
Bangalore has more than 103 Central and State Research and Development Institutes, Indian Institute of Science (one of the best universities globally), National Law School of India, 45 engineering colleges, world class health care facilities, medical colleges and institutes, Bangalore Make it a very important city for education and research.
India’s second and third largest software companies are headquartered in Electronics City. Bangalore has been India’s leading source of information technology exports, and for this reason is called the ‘Silicon Valley of India’. In 2014, Bangalore contributed US $ 45 billion, or 38 percent, to India’s total IT exports.
As of 2017, IT firms in Bengaluru out of about 4.36 million employees in India, almost in the IT and IT-enabled services sectors It employs 1.5 million employees.
Headquarters of India’s leading technical organization ISRO, Infosys and Wipro are here. Bangalore is the second fastest growing major metropolis in India.
Bangalore is the center of the Kannada film industry. As an emerging metropolis, Bangalore faces pollution, traffic and other socio-economic challenges. Bangalore is India’s fourth largest city with a domestic product of $ 63 billion.
Best Places To Visit Bangalore
1. Bangalore Palace
The magnificent Bangalore Palace still captivates the people with its royalty. Built in 1879, the huge palace spans 45,000 square feet, and has an amazing mix of Tudor and Scottish Gothic architecture on its walls! Legend has it that King Chamarajendra Wadiyar was inspired to build the palace from Windsor Castle, London. It also hosts cultural events, rock shows and even weddings, making it to list the top places to visit in Bengaluru.
2. Tipu Sultan’s Palace
Built between 1781 and 1789, Tipu Sultan’s palace was known as ‘Rush-i-Jannat’, which means the abode of happiness and envy of heaven. It is now a museum maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India and one of the best Bangalore tourist destinations.
3. Cubbon Park
Spread over an area of 300 acres, Cubbon Park is a major scenic spot in the city of Bangalore, which is rich in green leaves. It is a green belt area of the city and is an ideal place for nature lovers and those seeking a tranquil environment. After being determined by Lord Cubbon, the park was named in his honor.
It is home to over 6,000 trees. Apart from being a scenic spot, some of the major structures of the city such as Attara Kacheri, Cubbon Park Museum and Seshadri Iyer Memorial Park are also located here. Another famous attraction in Cubbon Park is The Bangalore Aquarium, which is the second largest aquarium in India. Cubbon Park was originally spread over 100 acres, which was later expanded to 300 acres. Initially, the park was called “Meads Park” and later came to be known as Cubbon Park.
4. Bannerghatta National Park
Located 22 km from Bangalore, Bannerghatta National Park is a large park of flora and fauna. Spread over a vast area of about 104.27 sq km, this national park was established in the year 1971. There are several establishments within this park, including the first butterfly park in the country.
Other attractions here are the ten reserve forests of the Anacle Range of the Bangalore Forest Division, an aquarium, a zoo, children’s park, crocodile farm, snake park, prehistoric animal park and a museum. The mixed collections of wildlife here include elephant, leopard, jackal, fox, wild boar, dull bear, India ghazal, spotted deer, porcupine, Asiatic lion, Royal Bengal tiger, monitor lizard and cobra.
5. Innovative Film City
The Innovative Film City in Bangalore is an Indian theme park located in Bidadi, just 40 kilometers en route to Mysore. One of the most popular tourist attractions in Bangalore, this place covers about 58 acres of land. Innovative Film City is divided into three parts. One can enjoy museums, Wild West Wind and Cartoon City with a walk to the amusement park here. So make sure that you enjoy this place with your family or friends while visiting Bangalore.